There are several conditions in which there is the impossibility Actual cretinism is a constitute of hypothyroidism, where need of thyroid gland activity, often expected to an iodine imperfection, stunts growth. What is Cretinism? It is also known as congenital hypothyroidism. The term 'Cretinism' refers to severe hypothyroidism during birth (deficiency of thyroid hormone) leading to stunted physical and mental growth. Diseases and Conditions; Cretinism What is Cretinism? Life expectancy is average in most Cretinism sufferers. Cretinism is classified into the following two types: It has the highest prevalence and arises due to insufficient dietary iodine intake. This form is regarded as a major public health problem in many countries [3]. It is caused by thyroid deficiency in moths during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. The newborns may also receive soy-based formulas as well as iron medication. Newborns diagnosed and treated within the first few weeks after birth generally have normal intelligence. Death is uncommon in patients who receive medical treatment. Cretinism is a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, which is characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. Having adequate iodine by a pregnant mother could also help in preventing cretinism occurring in infants. It is a congenital hypothyriodism with stunted growth physically and mentally. International classification of diseases does not contain the concept of a topographic cretinism, also, the inability to focus is not even a separate diagnosis. For example, it may be found on the side of the neck or under the tongue. It is believed that the a small number of patients with cretinism have acquired genes, which make the thyroid gland to synthesis less than the required hormones. In order to understand how this condition manifests, it is paramount to look at how the thyroid gland functions. Bones and muscles may also degenerate. If the pituitary gland does not function properly, this may affect the ability of thyroid gland to produce hormones. This leads to fetal iodine deficiency and consequent thyroid insufficiency, leading to neurological problems like inability to hear and perform motor functions and brain damage. When treated early, the outcome is good. This gland has the crucial function of producing the thyroid hormone also known as thyroxine (T4). Gavish is an award-winning freelance medical and health writer and editor with 15 years of experience. It is common in areas with iodine-deficient soils. Usually, in normal situations, thyroid gland is found at the center of the neck in front, particularly close to the top side of the windpipe. Neurological cretinism is characterised by mental retardation, deaf mutism, squint, spastic diplegia, and disorders of stance and gait. I know a lot of people think different about this disease, I was surprised too when I found out this. What does CRETINISM mean? Cretinism is an irreversible brain damage, irreversible mental retardation and severely stunted physical growth in an infant or child due to severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy caused by inadequate thyroid hormone production (congenital hypothyroidism) 1). It is for this reason that doctors use screening techniques to determine if there is presence of congenital hypothyroidism or cretinism. If there is low levels of thyroxine or T4 and high levels of TSH, these could confirm cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism. When you talk about organificaiton, it is the process that is required to necessitate the synthesis of thyroid hormone. In some cases, diagnostic tests such as x-rays and ultrasound tests may be used. How To Get Rid Of Your Tonsil Stones; Let’s Find Out! Blood tests are conducted occasionally to find out the level of the thyroid hormone. Pause in the growth of height is apparent in the first year of life. Cretinism is a medical condition in which hypothyroidism occurs early in life. However, delayed treatment or no treatment could result in intellectual disability or delayed growth. cretinism. Cretinism affects all populations and affects females twice more than males. In order to understand how this condition manifests, it is paramount to look at how the thyroid glan… A thyroid scan or technetium is ordered by a doctor to help determine if there are any structural abnormalities involving the thyroid gland. If Cretinism is confirmed by tests, hormone replacement therapy is used in the form of oral thyroxine. Some of the treatment options that may be applied are: Thyroxine may be administered to the newborn. Cretinism: Cretinism is listed as a type of (or associated with) the following medical conditions in our database: Infant health conditions; Thyroid conditions; Endocrine system conditions. While it is not known why this kind of birth defect occurs, the thyroid may be seen in a different location. If untreated for several months after birth, severe congenital hypothyroidism can lead to growth failure and permanent intellectual disability.Infants born with congenital hypothyroidism may show no effects, or may display mild effects that often go unrecognized as a problem. Congenital hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth) resulting in growth retardation, developmental delay and other abnormal features. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is CRETINISM? This phenomenon can cause severe retardation of physical and mental growth. It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and … Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome is a medical condition present at birth marked by impaired physical and mental development, due to insufficient thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) often caused by insufficient dietary iodine during pregnancy. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Some of the conditions that could result in cretinism due hypothalamic related causes are such as congenital defects, ischemic damage, and presence of tumors. Description. Cretinism is a congenital disorder meaning it is present at birth. A child who is suspected to have cretinism requires early diagnosis and treatment. Hypothyroidism is the disease state in humans and in vertebrates caused by insufficient production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland Cretinism i s a form of hypothyroidism found in infants. The condition is also referred to as congenital hypothyroidism. Congenital hypothyroidism is a disease of the thyroid gland; this is an endocrine gland located in the anterior neck. Cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism). Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. Also, if the mother had a treatment using anti-thyroid drugs, it could also attribute to the condition. It is possible to prevent the brain and the nervous system from being effected by cretinism if the diagnosis is done within two weeks following the birth of the newborn. It was used widely as a medical term in the 19th and early 20th centuries, but in recent decades has spread more widely in popular English as a markedly derogatory term for a hopelessly stupid person. This test helps detect the disorder so as to prevent complications such as mental retardation, physical disabilities, or even death of the newborn. Proper screening of newborns could assist in detecting the disorder within the first trimester of pregnancy. When maternal iodine levels are insufficient, there is less production of thyroid hormones. The abnormalities in genes involve the production of enzymes, which are required for the synthesis of thyroid hormone to take place. Diagnosis of Cretinism. Among the signs and symptoms of this condition are: Various methods are used to diagnosis this condition and they include: A test to help detect if there is presence of genetic and metabolic disorders is ordered by a doctor. Cretinism refers to severe hypothyroidism in an infant or child. Cretinism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, is a condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormones while a fetus is developing in the womb or shortly after birth. It is a disease of thyroid gland where levels of thyroid hormones in the blood is low (hypothyroidism) since birth. The exact prevalence and incidence statistics are unknown. Medication & thyroid problems during pregnancy, Dysfunction of hypothalamus or pituitary gland. Cretinism can be due to deficiency of iodine in the mother's diet during pregnancy. 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