Borden was a Liberal until he broke with the party in 1891 over the issue of Reciprocity. Through the marriage of his patrilineal ancestor Richard Borden to Innocent Cornell, Borden is descendant from Thomas Cornell of Portsmouth, Rhode Island. But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. He was also the last prime minister born before Confederation, the most recent Nova Scotian to hold the office, and the most recent prime minister representing a constituency in Atlantic Canada. "Scrum Wars, The Prime Ministers and the Media." He supported Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, in which he was anxious to have Canadian troops participate. His friendship with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, son of one of the original “Fathers of Confederation,” led him to accept the conservative nomination for Halifax in 1896. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920, and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. [1], Robert Laird Borden was born and educated in Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia, a farming community at the eastern end of the Annapolis Valley, where his great-grandfather Perry Borden, Sr. of Tiverton, Rhode Island, had taken up Acadian land in 1760 as one of the New England Planters. Borden became the leader of the Conservative Party in 1901, and was Prime Minister of Canada from 1911 to 1920. He is best known for his leadership of Canada during World War I. Borden was born in Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia. Sir Robert Borden was Plenipotentiary of Canada at the Peace Conference. Borden’s advantage in politics was that he was practicing law under the mentorship of the senior Tupper, Sir Charles, who was the leader of the Conservative party for four years up to 1901. During Borden's first term as Prime Minister, the National Research Council of Canada was established in 1916. Sir Robert Borden retired from office in 1920. The party leader, Sir Charles Tupper, was a doughty fighter but old and somewhat discredited in certain quarters, and after his defeat in the general election of 1900 there was a general feeling that his career was over. Commodore Brand and Admiral Beatty are among a group of officers which receives him. Join Facebook to connect with Sir-Robert Laird-Borden and others you may know. Borden led the Canadian government during the critical years of World War I (1914-1918), when Canada was coming to political and economic maturity. His broad vision and sound judgment made him an effective leader in these difficult years. WorldCat record id: 225144426. Sir Robert Borden’s Conservative government reflected the views of English Canada. Borden’s preoccupation with Anglo-Canadian relations may partly account for his first administration’s poor performance in domestic affairs. In 1896, he became President of the Nova Scotia Barristers' Society, and took the initiative in organizing the founding meetings of the Canadian Bar Association in Montreal within the same year. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George eventually relented, and convinced the reluctant Americans to accept the presence of separate Canadian, Indian, Australian, Newfoundland, New Zealand and South African delegations. On the home front, it dealt with the consequences of the Halifax Explosion, introduced women's suffrage for federal elections, and used the North-West Mounted Police to break up the 1919 Winnipeg general strike. Borden’s entry into politics coincided with the victory of the Liberal Party under the leadership of Sir Wilfrid Laurier. For the 1917 federal election (the first in six years), Borden created the Unionist Party, an amalgam of Conservatives and pro-conscription Liberals; his government was re-elected with an overwhelming majority. Over the next decade he worked to rebuild the party and establish a reform policy, the Halifax Platform of 1907 which he described as "the most advanced and progressive policy ever put forward in Federal affairs". His financial future guaranteed, on September 25, 1889, he married Laura Bond (1863–1940), the daughter of a Halifax hardware merchant. ... Borden spent his ten years as Leader of the Opposition rebuilding the party. Sir Robert Borden was once the Prime Minister of Canada. M.G. ", This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 19:56. He was the Chancellor of Queen's University from 1924 to 1930, after having served as Chancellor of McGill University from 1918 to 1920 while still Prime Minister. He was the eighth prime minister of Canada and was also Canada's Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1912 to 1920. In 1894, he bought a large property and home on the south side of Quinpool Road, which the couple called "Pinehurst". Her ambition was transmitted to her first-born child, who applied himself to his studies while assisting his parents with the farm work he found so disagreeable. In August 1878, he was called to the Nova Scotia Bar, placing first in the bar examinations. He had none of Laurier's oratorical mastery or charisma. Robert wanted to rebuild the Conservative Party. Thornton, Martin. Borden wanted to create a single Canadian army, rather than have Canadian soldiers split up and assigned to British divisions as had happened during the Boer War. -- Sir Robert Borden, January 4, 1916. The party was beginning a 15-year period in opposition, and within a few years Borden made a respectable reputation for himself in Parliament. His government passed the War Measures Act, created the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and eventually introduced compulsory military service, which sparked the 1917 conscription crisis. This passed without division. [6][7] Borden was however elected again for Halifax. He was knighted in 1914. Last Steps to Freedom by John Boyko pg.46, "Viola Desmond to appear on new Canadian banknote", Notable Kin - New England in Hollywood, Part Three: The Possible Rhode Island Ancestry of Marilyn Monroe, "Former Officers of the Champlain Society (1905–2012)", "CHA Presidents and Presidential Addresses", "The Right Honourable Sir Robert Laird Borden", Robert Borden – Parliament of Canada biography, Comments on the Senate's rejection of the Naval Aid Bill, Find A Grave - Burial location of Sir Robert Borden (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), Leaders of the Official Opposition in Canada, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Borden&oldid=996467297, Canadian Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Chancellors of Queen's University at Kingston, Converts to Anglicanism from Presbyterianism, Leaders of the Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942), Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Nova Scotia, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Canadian members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2015, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Borden was the last Canadian Prime Minister to be knighted (in 1915) since, in deference to the, Sir Robert Borden was honoured by having two, Sir Robert Borden was also honoured by having. 14 ] George and British Military policy, 1917-1918. 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