The police’s new strategy is cause for optimism. Analysis reveals ivory origins on 16th-century shipwreck. Instead, murder has increased by 22% since 2012. The surprising solution to SA's violent crime problem. Where murder is common, so is other violence. The strategy comes on the back of a multi-year rise in aggravated robbery, and a recent spike in robberies targeting cash-carrying armoured vans. When asked where government should spend money to reduce crime, a majority of households (64%) said it should be on social or economic development. It occurs behind walls and closed doors, and often requires vulnerable victims to risk additional abuse by seeking police help. Nor is there significant evidence that policing alone effectively reduces domestic violence. Although most violence is perpetrated by men against men, addressing violence in the home (and in schools), particularly against women and children, is key to breaking its cycle. Body donor programme fit and well despite COVID-19. However, it is … Murder and violence are also often linked to alcohol. 1. Call your local Boys and Girls Club and ask if they need volunteers, or reach out to a local non-profit and cut them a check. The crime rate is … When calling 08600 10111, a Crime Stop call centre agent will answer the call and note the available information and will provide the caller with a secret … University of Cape Town provides funding as a partner of The Conversation AFRICA. Murder is the most reliable crime statistic and the best proxy for violence more broadly. But, more than 90% of violent crimes recorded each year fall outside the categories named in the strategy. The strategy focuses on cash-in-transit heists, car hijackings, murder, house robberies, and gang and taxi violence. The rate of sexual violence in South Africa is among the highest in the world. the University of Cape Town's terms of use. Policy states the intentions of an institution, and is used to guide its decisions The initiative helps with the debt relief to currently 23 poor countries (mostly in Africa) that are committed to eradicating poverty. They must also respond rapidly to any breaches in negotiated agreements or court orders by abusers. The idea that general “visible policing” will make South Africa safe is appealing but not supported by evidence. “high density stabilisation intervention”, Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, ‘Graduation would have meant a mission accomplished’, UCT VC among Times Higher Education’s 10 People of the Year, UCT spin-off receives millions in European funding, UCT PhD candidates recognised for research excellence, From Ugandan child soldier to PhD graduate, COVID-19 dashboard measures resurgence risk. First, for the police service to improve public safety most effectively, it should focus a significant amount of its resources on reducing murder. The ILO is providing technical assistance to build the capacities of Child Labour Units (CLUs) and National Steering Committees (NSC) of African countries to strengthen their implementation of National Action Plans to promote education and fight Child Labour in the region. Worldwide, 19.5 million people have been forced to seek sanctuary abroad. South African police can and must be part of this, and wherever possible, should do so in parallel with complimentary interventions by other government departments, business and civil society stakeholders. Murder and violence are also often linked to alcohol. The third adjustment pertains to visible policing. It has already resulted in key arrests, and should thus be celebrated. It is important that the police not try to increase visible police in general, or to target general crime equally, everywhere. If focused police and socio-economic interventions could halve weekend murders in these areas, the national murder count could be reduced by as much as 15% in just a few years and by far more in a decade. We all have a responsibility to make South Africa safer for our children and every law-abiding citizen. Similarly, in 2016 half of murders nationwide occurred on Saturday and Sunday, with 70% taking place between 6pm and 8am. Statistics confirm that crime affects mainly poorer South Africans. If you have information that can assist in exposing people Based on this information, one can estimate that around a third of all murders in South Africa occur over weekends, in predictable hotspots, in roughly 100 police precincts, in four provinces. Rigorous COVID-19 health and safety protocols have enabled UCT’s Faculty of Health Sciences to maintain its body donor programme, essential to teaching anatomy to students and surgical registrars. South Africa Seeks Solutions to Crime Problems High-profile murders and robberies have fueled a perception that crime is rampant in South Africa. The best way to reduce crime is to prevent it. More importantly, it is fundamental to the aspirations of all people to live in security, peace and comfort. National Crime Prevention Council They must also respond rapidly to any breaches in negotiated agreements or court orders by abusers. Where murder is common, so is other violence. Targeting these could significantly reduce murder and other violence. A 2016 analysis of murder dockets found that in up to 48% of murders, the victim or perpetrator was intoxicated. Governments have a duty to help them. In the most recent crime statistics, 2% of police stations recorded 20% of all murders in the country, and 13% recorded 50% of murders. Participating police must work within the rule of law and treat all those they encounter, including suspects, fairly. Academics at UCT’s Modelling and Simulation Hub Africa (MASHA) are part of a multidisciplinary team who have developed a COVID-19 dashboard to analyse the resurgence risk in the country. Rather, policing is most effective when directed at specific places (hotspots), people (gang members, for example), and crimes (cash in transit heists, street robbery, murder). Its focus on organised and violent crime is rational and necessary but should be fine tuned and expanded. It’s, therefore, promising that the new police strategy focuses on crime hot spots and crime types amenable to police intervention, such as aggravated robbery perpetrated by organised groups. Murder is the most reliable crime statistic and the best proxy for violence more broadly. Andrew Faull's work is supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation (HSF). Corruption is institutionalised. In South Africa, police corruption leaves the public exposed to high rates of crime, and causes distrust of the police service while allowing crime to flourish. Similarly, in 2016 half of murders nationwide occurred on Saturday and Sunday, with 70% taking place between 6pm and 8am. If focused police and socio-economic interventions could halve weekend murders in these areas, the national murder count could be reduced by as much as 15% in just a few years and by far more in a decade. For example, in 2015/16, 78% of murders occurred in just four provinces - KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Eastern Cape and Western Cape. Please view the republishing articles page for more information. However, this year saw an unprecedented growth in the global trend, with a 36% period-on-period increase since 2016.” Economic crime in South Africa … The third adjustment pertains to visible policing. By embedding this news article on your site you are agreeing to the University of Cape Town's terms of use. Murder and associated types of violence affect far more people, and cause far more harm than car hijackings, house robberies or cash-in-transit heists. This is true of both police patrols and investigations. It has already resulted in key arrests, and should thus be celebrated. South Africa has a notably high rate of murders, assaults, rapes and other violent crimes, compared to most countries. To significantly reduce violence and harm in South Africa, the police should expand the strategy in three ways: (1) focus on murder hot spots, (2) tackle domestic violence effectively, and (3) implement targeted and evidence-based interventions. “high density stabilisation intervention”. First, for the police service to improve public safety most effectively, it should focus a significant amount of its resources on reducing murder. There have been successes in a few countries thus far, and this initiative can help governments “get back on their feet” so that they can focus on developing for the future instead of trying to pay back what was spent in the past. By treating murder and domestic violence as proxies for broader violence, and by deploying resources and focusing efforts to address them using data-guided methods, police could significantly reduce overall violence and harm in South Africa. To do so, police must appreciate the link between domestic violence and societal violence. Stop Mail And Paper Deliveries: If you go on vacation, stop deliveries or have one of your neighbors collect your mail and papers. The World Health Organisation and numerous violence experts believe the global murder rate can be halved in 30 years in part by adopting just these kinds of targeted interventions. It includes the deployment of desk-based police officials to the streets, particularly in “identified hotspots”, while dedicated detectives track and arrest suspects wanted for both organised and repeat violent crimes. The recent crime statistics make for grim reading with regards to public safety in South Africa. The World Health Organisation and numerous violence experts believe the global murder rate can be halved in 30 years in part by adopting just these kinds of targeted interventions. It is important that the police not try to increase visible police in general, or to target general crime equally, everywhere. Yet most South Africans do not believe that solving crime rests exclusively with the criminal justice system. South Africa’s Police Minister Bheki Cele and National Commissioner Khehla Sitole recently announced a new “high density stabilisation intervention” to tackle crime. At 77% South Africa’s rate of reported economic crime remains significantly higher than the global average rate of 49%. Local and reliable products and services. New research Our recent Corruption in Uniform report , released in mid-June, paints a grim picture of corruption within the South African … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. The idea that general “visible policing” will make South Africa safe is appealing but not supported by evidence. South African police can and must be part of this, and wherever possible, should do so in parallel with complimentary interventions by other government departments, business and civil society stakeholders. In 2017 the SAPS reported that most murders (66%) in the Western Cape province occurred from Friday to Sunday, with 56% occurring between 6pm and 3am. We don’t do that in the world we live in now. It occurs behind walls and closed doors, and often requires vulnerable victims to risk additional abuse by seeking police help. Policing domestic violence is not easy. 2016-09-06. This would reduce the South African crime rate. A significant amount of murders in South Africa is predictable, so police should be able to reduce it. Solution to South Africa’s Street Violence In order to keep private security companies accountable in the neighborhoods in which they operate, a possible solution could be to have the private security firms owned by South African citizens. But, more than 90% of violent crimes recorded each year fall outside the categories named in the strategy. Public policy represents a decision, made by a publicly elected or designated body, which is deemed to be in the public interest. poses a threat to peaceful resolution of differences and rightful participation of all in the democratic process METHODOLOGY 21 5.1 A Comprehensive Review of Literature and Policies 21 5.2 An Analysis of the Legislative Framework 21 5.3 … Crime Prevention Links. The police’s new strategy is cause for optimism. The strategy comes on the back of a multi-year rise in aggravated robbery, and a recent spike in robberies targeting cash-carrying armoured vans. Rather, targeted medium and long-term interventions are key. These should be planned and guided by best practice and crime data, and be implemented in a manner that allows rapid adaption and learning based on contextual dynamics. Sexual violence is the use of force or manipulation to get someone to engage in unwanted sexual activity without their consent. Targeting these could significantly reduce murder and other violence. Pretoria -Strategies to deal with crime must come from the people, believes Gauteng's new Police Commissioner Lieutenant General Mzwandile Petros. Its focus on organised and violent crime is rational and necessary but should be fine tuned and expanded. It also provided a platform for open discussion on the challenges faced by each social partner in the creation of jobs. South African Red Cross Society branches in the Eastern Cape provide care and support to TB patients in what is one of the poorest regions in the country. Once it becomes normalised within our society, it will be almost impossible to uproot.In many new democracies, corruption becomes “normal”, “acceptable” and part of the fabric of life. The solution to our high, and increasing, levels of violence does not lie in the hands of the police alone. South Africa's trusted tip-off service since 1992. 4.3 Crime Prevention and a Safe South Africa 20 5. These should be planned and guided by best practice and crime data, and be implemented in a manner that allows rapid adaption and learning based on contextual dynamics. The second adjustment to the strategy should be a focus on domestic violence. Unfortunately, younger people tend to commit more crime than older folks. The world’s system for protecting refugees is broken. A new paper based on UCT student Rouane Brokensha’s honours project reveals how a tiny shrimp mimics hermit crabs by adapting to shell life. The strategy focuses on cash-in-transit heists, car hijackings, murder, house robberies, and gang and taxi violence. It just takes communication, commitment… Crime remains a serious problem in South Africa and therefore a priority for government. It’s, therefore, promising that the new police strategy focuses on crime hot spots and crime types amenable to police intervention, such as aggravated robbery perpetrated by organised groups. It is obvious - from of Australia to South Sudan’s vast camps, from Istanbul’s cold streets to the European Union’s heavily fortified walls. Recently, The Washington Post’s Wonkblog published a list of research-backed strategies to combat crime.We at the Urban Institute’s Justice Policy Center propose five additional evidence-based strategies based on our own research:. Giving the youth in your area more things to do is a great way to help them stay on the right track. But most rich countries are still treating refugees as somebody else’s problem. According to the World Health Organisation, witnessing violence in childhood makes one 3.8 times more likely to be a victim of domestic violence later in life, while living in a high crime neighbourhood makes one 5.6 times more likely of the same. Africa Renewal (2010), For African business, ending corruption is ‘priority number one’, published by United Nations Africa Renewal, New York, NY 10017 USA ; Claire, F. (2010), Corruption in Africa: A Crime against Development, retrieved January 24, 2015. This is true of both police patrols and investigations. Although most violence is perpetrated by men against men, addressing violence in the home (and in schools), particularly against women and children, is key to breaking its cycle. Corruption, generally defined as the ‘abuse of public office for private gain’, is becoming so widespread in South Africa, that unless it is decisively tackled, there is a real danger that it will become entrenched as a “normal” aspect of life in our country. If we want solutions … What’s more, by focusing on murder, police will almost certainly reduce other violent crime in the same targeted areas, significantly reducing overall harm. “The community is aware of TB, but they lack knowledge on how to protect themselves from getting it, spreading it and managing their treatment,” says Ruth Mufalali, South African Red Cross Society TB project manager. Investment and growth require a safe, stable and crime-free environment. What’s more, by focusing on murder, police will almost certainly reduce other violent crime in the same targeted areas, significantly reducing overall harm. Where murder is common, so is other violence. If found guilty, they can incur a fine or a prison sentence. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. A significant amount of murders in South Africa is predictable, so police should be able to reduce it. But hundreds if not thousands of people call on the country’s police service for such intervention each month, giving the government important opportunities to signal to the public that violence is not tolerated and victims will be supported. A sig… The second adjustment to the strategy should be a focus on domestic violence. First, for the police service to improve public safety most effectively, it should focus a significant amount of its resources on reducing murder. Within these precincts it’s almost certain that violence and murder are clustered in hot spots known to local police. Dedicated police officials should promptly investigate domestic violence reports, especially in murder hot spots, and work with social workers to fast-track interventions, mediations and, if necessary, prosecutions. But there are many ways to take back control and prevent crime in your community. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Police officials console family members of slain officers at a police National Day of Commemoration ceremony. Andrew Faull, Research Associate, University of Cape Town. Instead, murder has increased by 22% since 2012. Murder and associated types of violence affect far more people, and cause far more harm than car hijackings, house robberies or cash-in-transit heists. The governing ANC - in power since 1994 - is frank about the situation. For example, in 2015/16, 78% of murders occurred in just four provinces - KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Eastern Cape and Western Cape. Cape Bio Pharms, a UCT spin-off company, has received millions in European funding to accelerate the production of affordable plant-based rapid diagnostic COVID-19 test kits. All the main parties agree it is a problem. Rather, policing is most effective when directed at specific places (hotspots), people (gang members, for example), and crimes (cash in transit heists, street robbery, murder). During 2015/16, there were 51,895 crimes of a sexual nature reported to the South African Police Service. PICTURE: THULANI MBELE The recent crime statistics make for grim reading with regards to public safety in South Africa. We used to keep our porch lights on and open the door when the doorbell rang, even if we didn’t know who was there. 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