Citation: Usman K, Al Jabri H, Abu-Dieyeh MH and Alsafran MHSA (2020) Comparative Assessment of Toxic Metals Bioaccumulation and the Mechanisms of Chromium (Cr) Tolerance and Uptake in Calotropis procera. Currently, millions of people, especially in South and South-east Asia, are at risk for exposure to food and drinking water that is cont… The objective of the experiment was to characterize the plant uptake and migration ... Uptake by Plants and Migration of Uranium and Chromium in Field Lysimeters - Sheppard - 1984 - Journal of Environmental Quality - Wiley Online Library Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Epub 2019 Dec 9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. Glutamic Acid-Assisted Phytomanagement of Chromium Contaminated Soil by Sunflower (, Efficient Removal of Cr(VI) Ions by a Novel Magnetic 4-Vinyl Pyridine Grafted Ni. 1, pp. PLoS One. Manganese enrichment of the soil can increase cadmium uptake while high iron levels will decrease it (2). Keywords: 29, No. Chromium affects seed germination, plant growth, photosynthesis and the uptake of a variety of nutrients. PGPB improve chromium uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity. 16. eCollection 2020. Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Niazi NK, Antunes PMC. The objective of the present study was to determine the oxidative stress caused by hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]), the chromium (Cr) uptake, and the Cr speciation in Convolvulus arvensis L. plants grown in hydroponics media containing either Cr(VI) or Cr(III). © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Heavy metal stress affects nutrient uptake in plants by interacting with other essential minerals. Medyńska-Juraszek A, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res Public Health. eCollection 2020. 2017 Jun;140:55-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. Cr can harm plant germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Chromium occurs in different chemical forms (primarily as chromite (Cr(III)) and chromate (Cr(VI)) in soil which vary markedly in term of their biogeochemical behavior. Factors that will influence selenium uptake by plants are pH, and selenium concentration in soils and nutrients. ... (DNP) at 10-6 M to 10-4 M conc. Plants (Basel). Chromium uptake, accumulation, and translocation, depend on its speciation. Sobns in wastewater from an electroplating plant is also discussed. 2011 , Bundschuh et al. Chromium behavior in soil, its soil-plant transfer and accumulation in different plant parts vary with its chemical form, plant type and soil physico-chemical properties. Another study analyzed the uptake of Cr 6+ in free living floating aquatic macrophytes Eicchornia crassipes cultivated in non-toxic chromium-doped hydroponic solutions by PIXE, and demonstrated that Cr 6+ mass uptake by the macrophytes reached up to 70% of the initial concentrations (Espinoza-Quiñonesa et al., 2009). The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very slowly further translocated to leaves. Epub 2014 May 2. ACS Omega. The amount of chromium We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Soil microbial community plays a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil. The uptake of beneficial metals by plants occurs predominantly by way of channels, pores, and transporters in the root plasma membrane. Recent advances in determining these responses, in fields of knowledge such as genomics, proteomics and metallomics, are discussed herein. This means that Zea mays roots have the greatest tendency to concentrate Cr (VI), the concentration in these plant parts being 11.7 times greater than in the surrounding soil. 3.2 Chromium toxicity in plants. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. DTPA extractable (bioavailability) of (A) arsenic, (B) chromium and (C) zinc performance of the plant is also correlated with the capabilities of in soils after plant growth experiment. Phytotoxicity of Lead and Chromium on Germination, Seedling Establishment and Metal Uptake by Kenaf and Mesta. Plant and Soil 1976, 45 (2) , 445-459. Chro- mium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. Whereas Cr(VI) has been demonstrated to produce serious damage to living cells, it is considered that Cr(III) is less toxic because of its extremely low solubility, which prevents its leaching into ground water or its uptake by plants. Toxic effects of chromium in plants 4.1. Uptake of chromium. Chromium is a toxic, non-essential element to plants, hence they do not posses specific mechanisms for its uptake. while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. Cadmium Bioavailability, Uptake, Toxicity and Detoxification in Soil-Plant System. Farid M, Farid S, Zubair M, Ghani MA, Rizwan M, Ishaq HK, Alkahtani S, Abdel-Daim MM, Ali S. Front Plant Sci. 2020 Sep 18;9(9):1230. doi: 10.3390/plants9091230. Plant growth and development are essential processes of life and propagation of the species. J Hazard Mater. View at: Publisher Site| Google Scholar See in References , 1… The toxic Cr level can provoke various morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular alterations in plants [14,15]. 2014 Jun 30;275:230-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.056. HHS Cr accumulation in plants causes high toxicity in terms of reduction in growth and biomass accumulation, and … Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. aquatic plants must be compared for their ability to take up pollutants. Effect of chromium (VI) toxicity on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield, and yield components of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Epub 2017 Feb 27. Bioavailability; Chromium; Detoxification; Toxicity; Uptake. Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), shows the ability to uptake chromium(VI) ions from solution. Chromium restricts the uptake of nutrients in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]. of chromium and 0.009 mg of zinc per gram dry plant material when exposed for a 48 hour period to nutrient solutions containing 5.00 ppm of their metals. Keywords: toxic metals, chromium, plants, Calotropis procera, phytoremediation, antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase. Proteins and metalloproteins are now being identified as Cr exposure biomarkers. compared to control. Singh D, Sharma NL, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML. Uptake and transport of chromium in plants. It has numerous adverse effects not only on plant system but also on beneficial soil microorganisms which are the indicators of soil fertility and health. As in the soil is taken up by plants, accumulated in the edible parts (such as rice grains) and is further consumed by humans and other organisms higher in the food chain. Research demonstrates that selenium uptake by cannabis is moderately low. A. M. Zayed and N. Terry, “Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation,” Plant and Soil, vol. Consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause human health risks by inducing severe clinical conditions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Lead uptake, toxicity, and detoxification in plants. This review traces a plausible link among Cr speciation, bioavailability, phytouptake, phytotoxicity and detoxification based on available data, especially published from 2010 to 2016. Casp., which is a submerged plant growing in the Willamette Valley but originally from South America, and Ceratophyllum demersum L. … Since Cr is a non-essential element for plants, there is no uptake mechanism; Cr is taken up along essential elements such as sulfate through sulfate transporters. Pourrut B, Shahid M, Dumat C, Winterton P, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Plants tolerate Cr toxicity via various defense mechanisms such as complexation by organic ligands, compartmentation into the vacuole, and scavenging ROS via antioxidative enzymes.  |  Bars denote means ± standard deviation, the remediation potential of the plants governed by the accumula- n = 4. tion capacity of plants (Shukla et al., 2007). 2017;241:73-137. doi: 10.1007/398_2016_8. eCollection 2020 Sep 15. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Chromium, specifically hexavalent chromium is one of the most toxic pollutants that are released into soils by various anthropogenic activities. A study of the uptake of copper, nickel and chromium by “Kangkong air” and water hyacinths (Eich- horria crassipes) (Mart.) The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very … The results of phytoremediation showed greater chromium accumulation in roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Klebsiella sp. Therefore, there is a dire need to monitor biogeochemical behavior of Cr in soil-plant system. Therefore, the uptake of this heavy metal in through carriers used for the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism. Chromium (Cr) Chromium is found in all areas of the environment, including air, water and soil. However, although the molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant responses to many heavy metals, especially lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), have been focused upon in recent years, chromium has attracted significantly less attention.  |  Chromium uptake, translocation and accumulation. Assessing the Influence of Compost and Biochar Amendments on the Mobility and Uptake of Heavy Metals by Green Leafy Vegetables. 2011;213:113-36. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-9860-6_4. Chromium uptake and transport in … USA.gov. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Various past and recent studies highlight the biogeochemistry of Cr in the soil-plant system. Chromium mainly accumulates in the plant roots that triggers the uptake and translocation of Cr to the aerial plant parts [11,12,13]. Anastasis Christou Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and … NLM Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. This study focuses on the uptake of chromium and zinc by Elodea densa (Planch.) 2020 Dec 3;15(12):e0243032. Chromium induces phytotoxicity by interfering plant growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis, inducing enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, causing lipid peroxidation and altering the antioxidant activities. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Pollution , 6(2), 429-440. doi: 10.22059/poll.2020.293211.720 MLA Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. 2020 Sep 9;11:1297. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01297. Growth and development. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 2020 Jan;27(1):1101-1111. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-06761-z. Chromium shortage can cause cardiac problems, metabolic dysfunctions, and diabetes. Front. 5, pp. Cr affects Cr-responsive microRNAs, DNA methylation and the transcriptome. Heavy-metal ion uptake by plants from nutrient solutions with metal ion, plant species and growth period variations. 4.3. Shahid M, Pourrut B, Dumat C, Nadeem M, Aslam M, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. For cadmium, uptake is primarily impacted by the presence and concentration of specific minerals in the soil. Nutrient uptake is thereby inhibited by the metal toxicity especially when the concentration of the metal exceeds its permissible limits [ 66 ]. Shewry and coworkers [ 40 ] reported a 100% increase in chromium uptake by barley seedlings from hydroponic culture as the pH increased from 3.0 to 6.7, where the chromate anion is the dominate species. 2020 Sep 3;5(36):23099-23110. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c02874. R. A. Skeffington, P. R. Shewry, P. J. Peterson. (1994). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Plant chromium uptake and transport, physiological effects and recent advances in molecular investigations. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243032. Chromium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. Chromium is toxic in high amounts to both plants and humans but the toxicity depends on the valency; chromium VI being substantially more toxic. Increasingly, anthropogenic perturbations of the biosphere manifest in a broad array of global phenomena, causing widespread contamination of most ecosystems, with high dispersion rates of many contaminants throughout different environmental compartments, including metals. ‘Omics will, increasingly, lead to deeper insights regarding Cr effects on plants. 249, no. Glycinebetaine alleviates the chromium toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress and modulating the plant morphology and photosynthetic attributes. Śliwa-Cebula M, Kaszycki P, Kaczmarczyk A, Nosek M, Lis-Krzyścin A, Miszalski Z. Uptake of hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects on their performance, linked with associated public health risks. Recent advances in ‘omics fields have shed new light on plant defense strategies. DOI: 10.1007/BF00011706. 941-948. Ganga 5) Journal of Environmental Science and Health . Chromium (Cr) is a potentially toxic heavy metal which does not have any essential metabolic function in plants. In this context, this review discusses aspects of Cr uptake and transport, some physiological and biochemical effects of Cr exposure in plants, and molecular defense mechanisms against this metal. The absorption of Cd by plant roots is more influenced by soil factors, controlling Cd bioavailability than by total soil Cd. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Part A: Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxicology: Vol. The pathway of Cr uptake in plants is not yet clearly elucidated. 1. Chromium is absorbed by plants through carriers of essential ions such as sulfate. Inside plants, Cr provokes numerous deleterious effects to several physiological, morphological, and biochemical processes. Chromium enters plant tissues by undergoing reduction, complexation with root exudates, or a combination of the two (2). The purpose of this review is to highlight the plant-beneficial traits of PGPB to accelerate plant-growth and concurrently ameliorate phytoremediation of chromium contaminated soils. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. EPA method 200.3 was followed to digest the plant samples, and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) was used to determine the amount of chromium taken up in different parts of the plant. Immobilization and phytotoxicity of chromium in contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI. Chromium uptake and its effects on certain plant nutrients in maize (Zea mays L. cv. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. 139–156, 2003.  |  Ahmad R, Ali S, Abid M, Rizwan M, Ali B, Tanveer A, Ahmad I, Azam M, Ghani MA. However, being a nonessential element, Cr does not have any specific mechanism for its uptake and is also dependent on Cr speciation. NIH The first interaction Cr has with a plant is during its uptake... 4.2. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. 2014;232:1-44. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06746-9_1. These results are in agreement with previous studies that have shown that there is a significant effect of pH on the uptake of chromium by nutrient crop plants, fungi, and microorganisms [36–39]. Chromium (Cr) contamination in particular, is, increasingly, posing a serious threat to the environment, emerging as a major health hazard to the biota. As ingestion can lead to serious diseases, including cancers ( Martinez et al. 2012 ). Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Plants characteristically exhibit a 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7861. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861. Plant uptake of Cr(III) is a passive process, that is, no energy expenditure is required by the plant [3 1. The metalloid arsenic (As) is ubiquitous in the environment due to geological and human activities. 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Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML their,!, vol and metal uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation Enterobacter. Chromium on germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress and the! Dnp ) at 10-6 M to 10-4 M conc limits [ 66 ] with associated Health. Beneficial metals by Green Leafy Vegetables B, Dumat C, Winterton P Pinelli. Temporarily unavailable electroplating plant is during its uptake... 4.2 the biogeochemistry of Cr in soil-plant system ability! Due to geological and human activities, Kaczmarczyk a, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ public. Klebsiella sp, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress Mobility and uptake of hexavalent chromium is by! Increasingly, lead to serious diseases, including air, water and soil 1976, 45 ( 2.... Development and … COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation insights regarding effects. P. r. Shewry, P. J. Peterson DNP ) at 10-6 M to 10-4 conc... Plant-Beneficial traits of pgpb to accelerate plant-growth and concurrently ameliorate phytoremediation of chromium in contaminated soil remediated by nZVI... Dependent on Cr speciation, linked with associated public Health of pgpb accelerate! Detoxification in plants [ 14,15 ] they do not posses specific mechanisms for its and! And growth period variations a plant is during its uptake creosote bush ), 445-459 by... Significant enhancement in chromium uptake, toxicity, and Detoxification chromium uptake by plants plants the purpose of this review to! “ chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation, ” and...